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This is the webpage for the LED Instalation project. Here you will find all the definitions used in the project, further explanations of how the LED project works and the code used in the project.


First it should be understood why citizen’s knowledge of “smart” things is important. Governments are currently having vendors try to sell them facial recognition software, ways to monetize citizens data, and artificial intelligence solutions. This system itself will not produce a complete understanding of “smart” things by the entire public, but it can provide a jumping off point to explore ideas. First, the project will try to help the understandings of “smart” through the use of radical transparency of the system. Radical transparency is a business philosophy based on total openness. It is similar in some respects to the open source ethos. Second, I have created technology definitions for parts of the system that are defined using the lowest technology literacy rate of a given area to create simple definitions. Though I do not know how to define technology literacy rates I have made sure the definitions use metaphors that relate to devices the reader probably has interacted with. The project relies on two these parts to accomplish the mission because when transparency increases in a [governmental] system it acts as a multiplier on preconceived notions of government to reinforce those held ideas. Researchers at the Utrecht University Netherlands conducted a study(N=658) to test the link of transparency of government and trust. The researchers found that due to preexisting ideas of government that people had the effects of transparency were not prominent in increasing trust. It is possible to change these preconceived notions. In advertising, agencies have been doing it for years. Agencies like like and the AdCouncil participate in advocacy or education related advertising campaigns. At the federal government level there has been the creation of to show what open source projects the federal government has made and is currently sharing.

  • Sources:
    • ACLU, “How to Stop ‘Smart Cities’ From Becoming ‘Surveillance Cities’”.
    • “Ad Council.” AdCouncil. Accessed December 4, 2019.
    • “” Accessed December 4, 2019.
    • Fishman, Marina. “How to Do Radical Transparency Right as a Manager.” Copper. Copper, August 20, 2019.
    • Grimmelikhuijsen, Stephan. (2010). Transparency of Public Decision-Making: Towards Trust in Local Government?. Policy & Internet. 2. 10.2202/1944-2866.1024.
    • Grimmelikhuijsen, Stephan. (2012). Linking Transparency, Knowledge and Citizen Trust in Government: An Experiment. International Review of Administrative Sciences - INT REV ADM SCI. 78. 50-73. 10.1177/0020852311429667.
    • “Let's Do This!” Let's Do This! | Accessed December 4, 2019.
    • “What Is Open Source?” Accessed December 4, 2019.
    • Wolff, Martijn, and W E Biernatzki. “The Social and Cultural Effects of Advertising .” Communication Research Trends 14, no. 1 (1994): 34–34.


  • "Arduino"
    • Product name: Adafruit Huzzah ESP8266
    • Definition: This is a “microcontroller”. It’s a device that are told to do one thing and they do it forever. It's are similar to how your cell phone works but instead of being able to run multiple apps at once, they can only run 1 app.
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  • "Motion sensor"
    • Product name: Ultrasonic Distance Sensor - 3V or 5V - HC-SR04 compatible - RCWL-1601
    • Definition: This allows the arduino to tell how close you are. This is like motion detectors on garage lights, or automatic doors at your favorite retail store.
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  • "LED Lights"
    • Product name: Neopixel WS8211 Addressable LED Lights
    • Definition: These lights are like Christmas tree lights. Each light can be changed to a different color.
    • Product picture:
  • "Light Dongle"
    • Product name: FadeCandy
    • Definition: This part tells which individual light to light up and what color. It’s like a remote for the lights but controlled from the computer.
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  • "Computer"
    • Product name: Raspberry Pi 4
    • Definition: This is a very tiny computer. It works just like your laptop but is super compact. When you program, or code, you provide instructions for the computer to follow. Many programmers write code in text, meaning that they type it out on the keyboard. (Google). On the computer a program is running that listens for the Arduinos to say something. It then draws its response on the computer screen and tells the lights to light up.
    • Product picture: